Lymphatic filariasis

Lymphatic filariasis (LF), commonly known as elephantiasis, is a painful and profoundly disfiguring disease. In endemic countries, lymphatic filariasis has a major social and economic impact.

Causative Agents and Transmission: Lymphatic filariasis is primarily caused by three species of parasitic roundworms: Wuchereria bancrofti  (the most common, and only species present in Africa), Brugia malayi, and Brugia timori. These parasites are transmitted to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes. Once inside the human body, the larvae develop into adult worms in the lymphatic system.

Impact on the Lymphatic System: The adult filarial worms primarily reside in the lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes. Their presence can cause damage and obstruction in the lymphatic system. This damage impairs the system's ability to drain fluid properly, leading to the accumulation of lymph fluid in body tissues. Chronic inflammation caused by the immune response can lead to the thickening of the walls of the lymphatic vessels and reduced lymphatic flow.

Symptoms and Clinical Manifestations: The infection can lead to a range of medical conditions. Most notably, it can cause lymphedema (swelling) of limbs and genital disease, including hydrocele (swelling of the scrotum), chylocele, and swelling of the penis. Recurrent acute attacks are common, characterized by severe pain and fever. Over time, these symptoms can become more severe, leading to significant disfigurement and disability.

Social and Economic Impact: The disfiguring effects of the disease can lead to social stigma and psychological stress for the affected individuals. It often hinders their ability to work and participate in community life, thereby impacting their livelihoods and the economy of the communities where the disease is prevalent.

Prevention and Treatment: Efforts to control lymphatic filariasis include mosquito control, mass drug administration to reduce transmission and treatment of individual cases. Medications like albendazole, ivermectin, and diethylcarbamazine are used to manage the infection. Additionally, care for chronic conditions such as lymphedema is crucial to improve the quality of life of affected individuals.

Global Health Efforts: The World Health Organization (WHO) and other global health bodies have initiated programs aimed at eliminating lymphatic filariasis as a public health problem. These efforts focus on interrupting transmission and providing care for those already infected.

269 maps found/sites/default/files/upload/ESPEN_NTD_Data_Dictionary.xlsx
Region Program stage Years Portrait PDFs Landscape PDFs Data
Central Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2022 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2022 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa Endemicity 2022 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2022 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa Endemicity 2022 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2022 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2022 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa Endemicity 2022 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2022 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2022 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2022 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) Endemicity 2022 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2022 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2022 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2022 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa Endemicity 2022 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2022 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent Endemicity 2022 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa Endemicity 2021 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa Endemicity 2021 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) Endemicity 2021 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa Endemicity 2021 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent Endemicity 2021 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa Endemicity 2021 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2021 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2021 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2021 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2021 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2021 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2021 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2021 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2021 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2021 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2021 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2021 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2021 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2021 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2021 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2021 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2021 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2021 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2021 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2020 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2020 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa Endemicity 2020 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2020 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2020 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa Endemicity 2020 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2020 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2020 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa Endemicity 2020 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2020 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2020 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) Endemicity 2020 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2020 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent Endemicity 2020 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2020 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2020 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa Endemicity 2020 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2020 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2020 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2020 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2020 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2020 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2020 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2020 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2020 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2020 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2020 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2020 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2020 Download map png Download map png

Pages

2222 maps found/sites/default/files/upload/ESPEN_NTD_Data_Dictionary.xlsx
Region Locationsort descending Program stage Years Portrait PDFs Landscape PDFs Data
Western Africa Algeria MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2018 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Algeria MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
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Western Africa Algeria Endemicity 2016 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
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