Lymphatic filariasis

Lymphatic filariasis (LF), commonly known as elephantiasis, is a painful and profoundly disfiguring disease. In endemic countries, lymphatic filariasis has a major social and economic impact.

Causative Agents and Transmission: Lymphatic filariasis is primarily caused by three species of parasitic roundworms: Wuchereria bancrofti  (the most common, and only species present in Africa), Brugia malayi, and Brugia timori. These parasites are transmitted to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes. Once inside the human body, the larvae develop into adult worms in the lymphatic system.

Impact on the Lymphatic System: The adult filarial worms primarily reside in the lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes. Their presence can cause damage and obstruction in the lymphatic system. This damage impairs the system's ability to drain fluid properly, leading to the accumulation of lymph fluid in body tissues. Chronic inflammation caused by the immune response can lead to the thickening of the walls of the lymphatic vessels and reduced lymphatic flow.

Symptoms and Clinical Manifestations: The infection can lead to a range of medical conditions. Most notably, it can cause lymphedema (swelling) of limbs and genital disease, including hydrocele (swelling of the scrotum), chylocele, and swelling of the penis. Recurrent acute attacks are common, characterized by severe pain and fever. Over time, these symptoms can become more severe, leading to significant disfigurement and disability.

Social and Economic Impact: The disfiguring effects of the disease can lead to social stigma and psychological stress for the affected individuals. It often hinders their ability to work and participate in community life, thereby impacting their livelihoods and the economy of the communities where the disease is prevalent.

Prevention and Treatment: Efforts to control lymphatic filariasis include mosquito control, mass drug administration to reduce transmission and treatment of individual cases. Medications like albendazole, ivermectin, and diethylcarbamazine are used to manage the infection. Additionally, care for chronic conditions such as lymphedema is crucial to improve the quality of life of affected individuals.

Global Health Efforts: The World Health Organization (WHO) and other global health bodies have initiated programs aimed at eliminating lymphatic filariasis as a public health problem. These efforts focus on interrupting transmission and providing care for those already infected.

269 maps found/sites/default/files/upload/ESPEN_NTD_Data_Dictionary.xlsx
Region Program stage Years Portrait PDFs Landscape PDFs Data
Central Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2015 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2015 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2015 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2015 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa Endemicity 2015 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent Endemicity 2015 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2015 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa Endemicity 2015 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2015 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2015 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2015 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa Endemicity 2015 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2015 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2015 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2015 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2015 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2015 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2015 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2015 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2015 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2015 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2015 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2015 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2015 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa Mapping Surveys 1957 - 2015 Download map png
Central Africa Mapping Surveys 1900 - 2015 Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2014 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa Endemicity 2014 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa Endemicity 2014 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2014 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2014 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa Endemicity 2014 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2014 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) Endemicity 2014 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa Endemicity 2014 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2014 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2014 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2014 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2014 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2014 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2014 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2014 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent Endemicity 2014 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2014 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa Mapping Surveys (Sentinel site baseline) 2008 - 2014 Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) Mapping Surveys (Sentinel site baseline) 2000 - 2014 Download map png
Africa Continent Mapping Surveys (Sentinel site baseline) 2000 - 2014 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2013 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent Endemicity 2013 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2013 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa Endemicity 2013 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa Endemicity 2013 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2013 Download map png Download map png
Eastern Africa Endemicity 2013 Download map png Download map png
WHO African Region (AFRO) Endemicity 2013 Download map png Download map png
Africa Continent MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2013 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2013 Download map png Download map png
Southern Africa Endemicity 2013 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2013 Download map png Download map png
Western Africa MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 Download map png Download map png
Central Africa Mapping Surveys (Sentinel site baseline) 2000 - 2013 Download map png
Western Africa Mapping Surveys (Sentinel site baseline) 2000 - 2013 Download map png
Western Africa Mapping Surveys 1900 - 2013 Download map png
Eastern Africa Mapping Surveys (Sentinel site baseline) 2001 - 2011 Download map png

Pages

2222 maps found/sites/default/files/upload/ESPEN_NTD_Data_Dictionary.xlsx
Region Location Program stage Years Portrait PDFs Landscape PDFs Data
Southern Africa Zimbabwe MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Southern Africa Mozambique MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Nigeria MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Southern Africa Lesotho MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Comoros MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Burkina Faso MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Tanzania (Mainland) MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Kenya MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Tanzania (Zanzibar) MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Sao Tome & Principe MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Liberia MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Southern Africa eSwatini MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Burundi MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Senegal MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Southern Africa South Africa MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Southern Africa Mozambique MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Gabon MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Comoros MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Algeria MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Southern Africa Namibia MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Liberia MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Cote d'Ivoire MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Burundi MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Tanzania (Zanzibar) MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa The Gambia MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
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Eastern Africa Madagascar MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Gabon MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Cameroon MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Seychelles MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Southern Africa Namibia MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Ghana MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Cote d'Ivoire MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Angola MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Niger MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Uganda MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Madagascar MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Democratic Republic of the Congo MDA/PC rounds (Therapeutic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Cameroon MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa The Gambia MDA/PC rounds (Geographic coverage) 2013 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Ghana MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Southern Africa Botswana MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Southern Africa Lesotho MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Comoros MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Southern Africa Zambia MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Senegal MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Burundi MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Southern Africa Namibia MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Southern Africa Mozambique MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Equatorial Guinea MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Liberia MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Ethiopia MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Sierra Leone MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Cote d'Ivoire MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Southern Africa Zimbabwe MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Cameroon MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Seychelles MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Niger MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Uganda MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Gabon MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Madagascar MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Democratic Republic of the Congo MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa South Sudan MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Cape Verde MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Tanzania (Zanzibar) MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Republic of Congo MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Angola MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Guinea MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Southern Africa Malawi MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Eritrea MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Tanzania (Mainland) MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Central African Republic MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa The Gambia MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Rwanda MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Benin MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Guinea-Bissau MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Mali MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Nigeria MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Southern Africa eSwatini MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Kenya MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Algeria MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Chad MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Togo MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Sao Tome & Principe MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Southern Africa South Africa MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Burkina Faso MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Mauritius MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Mauritania MDA/PC rounds (Historical MDA) 2000 - 2022 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Southern Africa Malawi MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Benin MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Central Africa Cameroon MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Guinea-Bissau MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Tanzania (Mainland) MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Kenya MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Mali MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Southern Africa Botswana MDA/PC coverage (Therapeutic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Algeria MDA/PC coverage (Geographic coverage) 2021 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Rwanda Endemicity 2021 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Eastern Africa Ethiopia Endemicity 2021 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf
Western Africa Cote d'Ivoire Endemicity 2021 Download map png Download map pdf Download map png Download map pdf

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